In addition, the chemical sector has acted boldly to meet ambitious targets as set out in the UN Climate Convention. The methodology used was documentary evaluation of the main CDM projects developed in the country and, in a second step, attention to the processes involving the removal of N2O. It was possible to observe three distinct moments in the process, the promising beginning that, in addition to causing a significant reduction in GHG emissions, corresponds to the good valuation of carbon credits, but with the new governmental positions and also increasingly restrictive rules, such credits devalued.
With the implementation of the reduction targets, the Kyoto Protocol and its CDM can once again be a negotiation tool for the carbon market aligned with the new mechanisms now proposed that, if they use previous learning, can favor the country in meeting its own goals reduction. The results demonstrate that the industries of these branches that are more familiar with good practices of lean production PE and environmental management GA , obtain better operational performance.
Abstract: Cleaner Production brings a differentiated approach on waste management, since it allows to the company to have a better knowledge of its manufacturing process; constantly monitoring the process, the generated waste becomes an opportunity for improvement.
The aim of this study was to reuse and to optimize the use of packaging in a business outsourcer mounting sockets lamps. Since the packaging used in the receipt of parts for assembly and shipment of finished parts were large and contains a few pieces, it could be better used. It was carrying out a study to increase the capacity and reuse of the pack. The package mounted socket doubled its storage capacity from 50 to pieces.
The environmental benefit was the cutback of consumption of 16, units of plastic packaging. It was proved the efficiency of cleaner production even in small and simple projects. Abstract: This work shows suggestions for the accomplishment of the plastic recycling process in an environmentally friendly way, based in the Cleaner Production tool. Besides reduction of plastic consumption or reuse of packing, it is necessary to invest in recycling technology and the selective garbage separation for guaranteeing the minimization of sending waste to landfills.
The recyclers, which receive as raw material the plastic waste, carry out the recycling in stages that might guarantee the minimum quality standards for production of new objects. As a tool of environment management, Cleaner Production can be used by companies to reduction of consumption of energy and water, as well as minimization in generation of waste. The stage of laundering, for example, is the one that involves greater water consumption that needs to be saved, treated and reused.
The extrusion of the plastic material for molding in new products generates solid residues that also need to be recycled. Although the recycling process treats of garbage generally dirty and contaminated, it shall be carried out with an environmentally correct process.
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Keywords: Recycling, plastic, cleaner production. Application of electrochemical degradation of wastewater composed of mixtures of phenol - formaldehyde. Miwa; A. Abstract: Environmental problems caused by industrial processes are of great concern to society due to the possible introduction of toxic waste from products generated by the industry. Thus, researchers increasingly study new techniques to reduce or eliminate the toxicity of industrial effluents, always respecting the laws and regulations aimed at environmental protection. Electrochemical degradation is a promising alternative for the treatment of wastewater that contains organic compounds.
Energy consumption during electrolysis is also presented.
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The electro degradation of mixtures of phenol — formaldehyde proceeds via two different mechanism: active and non-active. The non active mechanism results in the complete combustion of organics to carbon dioxide.
Pathways to Environmental Sustainability
The active mechanism results in a selective oxidation, via degradation products. The results demonstrate that the electrochemical removal of organics is pH- dependent. Keywords: Dimensionally stable anodes, phenol, formaldehyde.
Feevale University. Abstract: The disposal of waste in landfills is a practice in creasingly common in big cities, and it generates large volumes of leachate as a product of waste decomposition and rainwater percolation. This liquid is highly toxic and must be treated before its release in the environment. Due the problems presented by conventional systems, there is a growing need for procedures that offer higher treatment efficiency or can be integrated by conventional processes. In this regard, clean technologies, such as advanced oxidation processes AOPs , are considered an excellent alternative for the removal of color and organic matter, as well as to increase the biodegradability of leachate.
The aim of this study was both to evaluate the effectiveness of advanced oxidation process of electrochemical oxidation in leachate treatment and to assess the toxicity of the sample before and after treatment. A current density of 10,04 mA. However, the evaluation showed the toxicity remained unaltered, which points to the importance of this type of study as a complement to traditional analyzes.
The advanced oxidation processes are considered a clean technology, mainly for neither requiring the addition of chemicals nor generating sludge treatment. Still, assessment of toxicity of the treated effluent is necessary, considering the possible generation of toxic byproducts. UNIP - Brazil. Abstract: Richard Silva et al.
Among ten indicators simultaneously evaluated by the 5 SEnSU model, the results indicated greater sustainability for rail transportation. However, due to the multimetric approach used, the graphical interpretation of results can become a difficult task that requires statistical tools as support. In this sense, this work applies the philosophy of goal programming in the results obtained by Richard Silva et al. Results show that rail system has a WSI of 3.
Besides providing subsidies to decision makers on soybean transportation in Brazil, it is expected that this work can be considered as a reference of a multicriteria method in evaluating sustainability for other transport systems. Keywords: Multicriteria, goal programing, soybean, sustainability, transport.
Abstract: Given the demands of the market and maintaining competitive conditions, many companies are looking for technologies that enable them to innovate their processes and products. The environmental impact related to the exploitation of natural resources can be considered a problem due to the linear production-consumption flow. Therefore, this work focuses on the study of real initiatives to develop environmentally friendly processes and their results in relation to the concept of circular economy in the application of the 3R method in a line of machining. With an applied methodological approach and exploratory objective, we divided the application into three phases: 1 Reuse and Redistribution; 2 Remanufacturing and 3 Recycling.
The products are machined in a turning line, where cutting tools inserts are the most commonly used objects.
It can be observed that in the linear production model, there is an increase in tool disposal. Applying the concepts of based on circular economy we have a gain in the useful life of the cutting tools without the need to modify the production parameters. It is concluded that it is possible to apply the concepts of circular economy, but there is a need for everyone involved in the production process. Abstract: With the reduction of borders promoted by globalization, the level of consumption grew dramatically, characterizing our consumer society.
However, if on the one hand this growth means progress, on the other hand, this means progress without a future, since consumption can only symbolize progress if it occurs within a form of sustainable development. Faced with this scenario, society and government have been pushing the industries to adopt more sustainable practices in their processes, especially the Product Development Process PDP. In this new perspective, the PDP with sustainable characteristics can add a long-term competitive advantage to the company. Therefore, the present study presents the application of the conceptual method for the Strategic Planning of the Integrated Process for the Development of Sustainable Products PEPDIPS , which aims to guide the integration of sustainability in the PDP through the qualitative evaluation of the requirements and phases of the PDP, from the initial phase of designing the project for the launch and distribution of the product.
With the objective of developing a support evaluation focused on the process of continuous improvement that aims to integrate sustainability into the PDP, guiding the designers the best strategic choices applied in the planning and elaboration of a new or existing product. Extending your assessment to business management, necessary to structure and substantiate such changes. The ongoing research is related to the technological transformation of a compensation system to the collection of waste in the municipality, aimed at the social inclusion of waste collectors through the use of social currency.
The current system uses printed cards called Green Coins, and present vulnerabilities that should be overcome with the implementation of the new system. The new application uses social crypto-coins and security support through Blockchain in order to guarantee the necessary information integrity, enabling the management of an expressive number of collectors and contributing to the improvement of the quality of life in the municipality in relation to the typical aspects of sustainability: education, health, environment, social inclusion and local economy.
Keywords: Blockchain, cryptocurrency, solid waste management; sustainability; social inclusion. Application of the Concept of Industrial Ecology to the Integrated Management System: Advantages and associated environmental improvements.
Abstract: The need for making human systems part of the natural ecosystems and similar to natural environment is clearly stated. This approach, which is the basis of Industrial Ecology, aims to enhance industrial symbiosis that might contribute to mitigate process or material loss. However, it is not very common to amend Industrial Ecology principles to management systems and furthermore, to Integrated Management Systems.
Therefore, the main objective of this work was to evaluate the sustainability impact of integrating the Industrial Ecology approach to the existing Integrated Management System at an electro electronic company in Brazil. The defined methodology followed the most important premises of Industrial Ecology aligned to the Integrated Management Systems requirements in the electro electronic sector. The case study was based on a worldwide company that presented all the segments within the sector, that is, microelectronics, surface mounting technology, printed circuit board, mounting and logistics.
Moreover, the study considered material flow and performance analysis in order to define potential industrial metabolism and sustainability degrees, besides implementing an Industrial Ecology computer program that enabled better information communication and control. It was possible to conclude that the Industrial Ecology concept tools used in the company did benefit its industrial sustainability because it allowed more efficient processes through the use of metrics, involved most of the employees and operations, favored better process standardization, enhanced the systemic approach making the decision process easier once it was based on real time facts.
It was observed that it also contributed to the adoption of methods, systems and procedures that enabled deep strategic change and improved cultural change, which is one of the essential aspects of sound sustainable development. Finally, it is suggested that Industrial Ecology be used as a fruitful metaphor for facilitating the improvement of sustainability.
The tools developed in this study might be easily applied to any enterprise, independently of its size, level or production processes. Keywords: Sustainability, industrial ecology, industrial metabolism, balanced scorecard, key performance indicators. Abstract : The present work contains the result of the Carbon Footprint CF measurement of the Metropolitan Technological Institute of Medellin ITM , which is a public institution that provides teaching, research and extension services. The calculation of this sustainability indicator was made for Robledo campus, in accordance with the methodology described in ISO Greenhouse Gases Measurement , ISO Life Cycle Analysis , and the information provided by the Institution and endorsed by the different dependencies of its consumptions of materials and energy resources, necessary for its correct operation.
Additionally, the data of conversion and emission factors associated to the Colombian context or subtracted from the literature are considered, being these the most approximate to the current technical, economic, social and environmental conditions of ITM. According to implemented methodology, the ITM carbon footprint for 2.
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Nehme; C. Quissini; J. Slovinscki UCS. Abstract : This article aims to identify a sustainability model to a Casting company located at Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Keywords: Casting company, Cleaner production, Participative sustainability model. Abstract: The global growing concern regarding minimizing negative environmental impacts of industrial and commercial products, processes and services has generated an increasing need for detailed studies related to clean technologies and renewable energy sources.